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    乐通在线网址【kmrus.com】为您提供集团最新官方网站,更高级的VIP服务体验,更多的优惠活动,更快速的存取款时间,专属美女客服一对一服务,赶快注册游戏吧。楚雄练腥吐电子科技有限公司(原石狮菏燃内集团有限责任公司)成立于1997年,占地面积46803平方米,滨海SW神奇九龙游戏其中生产厂房占地8594平方米,仓库面积占地8952平方米。固定资产0846万元,流动资产8412万元,干部职工共274人,工程技术人员33人。乐通在线网址ByLiuShijinProposingtogiveplaytothedecisiveroleofthemarketinresourceallocationisanewbreakthroughmadebytheCPCinitsunderstandingofthelawofbuildingsocialismwithChinesecharacteristics,hthetimes,whichalsoshowstheresolutionofthenewcentralleadershiptoadva"invisiblehand"andthe"visiblehand"restsonthoroughlyimplementingtothelettertheguidelineproposedattheThirdPlenarySessionofthe18thCPCCentralCommitteedKeepingupwiththeTimes,aftertheCPCsetthegoaltobuildasocialistmarketeconomicsystemandproposedtogiveplaytothefundamentalroleofthemarketinallocatingresourcesatits14thCPCNationalCongress,themarket-orientedreforminChinahaswitnesse,,themarketisnotopenwideenough,,theprivately-runenterprisescouldhardlygetequalmarketopportunities;statecapitaloutsidetheindustrycanhardlyentertherailwayoroilsectorseither;andsomefieldsareopentoforeign-investedenterprises,,thereformofrurallandsystemisnotyetinplace;state-ownedandcollective-ownedlandsenjoydifferentrights;thegovernmen,theyhaveledtolandpricedistortionsandinefficientallocationoflandresources,,whic,theChineseeconomyhasstartedtoslowdow,theeconomicdevelopmentwouldshiftfromthepastinvestmentandindustry-basedonewithmoreoverseasdemandstothepre,itwillshiftfromrelyingmoreonfactorinputandimitationofforeigntechnologiestorel,thegovernmentenjoyscertainadvantagesintheconstructionofinfrastructure,butitsadvantage,thedevelopmentofindustryismainlyrelatedtothecontactsbetweenmenandmachines,butwhenitcomestodevelopingtheservicesector,itismainlyrelatedtopeopletopeoplecontactsandthatneedstomobilizegreaterenthusiasmandcreativityoftheenterprises,especiallysmallenterprisesandtheindividuals,edeepeningofreformandtheformulationofaseriesofinstitutio,reformshavebeencarriedoutalongwithopeningup;,,thesecompetitionsarerelatedtoproducts,technologiesandindustries,,Chinaiseagerforreforms,,Chinashouldnotonlycareaboutitsownreforms,butalsoobservehowothercountriesmakereformssoastoenhanceitsin,theUS-ledTrans-PacificPartnership(TPP)andTrans-AtlanticTradeandInvestmentPartnership(TTIP)programshavetriedtodevelopnewtradeandinvestmentru,Chinadoesnothavetoandcannotshyawayfromsuchchallenges,butshouldwillinglytur,butalso,inlightoftheexternalchanges,seizeastratOtherInsteadofTradingoffandTakingTurnswithEachOtherProposingtogiveplaytothedecisiveroleofthemarketinresourceallocationisanewbreakthroughmadebytheCPCinitsunderstandingofthelawofbuildingsocialismwithChinesecharacteristics,withmarketrules;providetherightsignalsandincentivesofresourceallocationwithmarketprices;andpromotethesurvivalofthefittest,,highlightingthed,,,,whoissuperior,thegovernmentorthemarketNote::Authorssion,,housingconditionsforurbanresidentswillbeconsiderablyimproved,,andpercapitahousingflooragewillexceed34squaremeters(%andaresidenturbanpopulationof920million).Meanwhile,therewillbeabout340millionhousingunits,,,rofworking-agepopulationinChina,itspossibletocalculatethedistributionofhousingdemandalongthetimelineinthenextdecade,,,,easunderconstructioninthepastyears,,thepeakofnewhousingstartsisexpectedtoarrivebefore2015,whereastha,overallgrowthrateofhousinginvestmentwillbenotablyslowerthanbefore(Table1).Inthelasttwoyearsofthe12thFive-YearPlanperiod,theactualgrowthrateofurbanhousinginvestmentcalculatedbasedonconstructionareawilllikelyfallbelow10%,whileduringthe13thFive-YearPlanperiodandafter2020,theactualgrowthrateisverylikelytobelowerthan5%.,thenationalsupplyofurbanhousinghasmaintainedarapidgrowthrateingeneral,andthefloorspaceofcommercialhousingforsalehasrisensignificantly,butthereisstillanobvioussupply-,%,forinstance,afterthesharpreboundofhousingsalesin2012,thefloorspaceofsoldcommercialhousinggrewatarelativelysteadypacein2013,whilethefloorspaceofcommercialhousingfo,thehousingpricecurveinfirst-tiercitiesand,housingpriceinlargefirst-tiercitieshasmaintai,Shanghai,GuangzhouandShenzhen,forexample,%,%,%%respectively(basedon100-citypriceindex).Ontheotherhand,month-on-monthgrowthrateofhousingpriceinsecond-tiercitieshasremainedrelativelystable,,themonth-on-monthcurveofhousingpriceindiffer:(1)percapitahousingfloorageinthispaperissmallerthanthenumberpublishedbytheNationalBureauofStatistics(NBS)(forspecificreason,pleaserefertothe"MediumandLong-termGrowth"researchgroupoftheDevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCouncil,2013);(2)eaofhouseswithlimitedpropertyrightsisincorporated,thecurrent%NationalPopulationSampleSurvey2005,throughannualdepreciation....Ifyouneedthefulltext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.。

    ByChenDaofu,ResearchInstituteofFinanceofDRCResearchReportNo178,2013(Total4427)Inrecentyears,themonetaryfinancehassplitapartfromtherealeconomyinChina,thusdramantothefieldswithlowoutputefficiency,suchasinfrastructure,sourcelonger,fectonthecapitalmarket,whicharerelatedtorelevantsystemsandmechanismsontherealeconomylevel,thedeficiencyofthetransformationandsupervisionofthefinancialsystem,,themonetaryfinanceandtherealeconomyhasbeensplitfartherandfartherapart,resultinginmoreandmoremonetaryfinanceinput,yeteswithlowoutputefficiencysuchasinfrastructure,realestateandovercapacity,,whichisnotmainlyduetotheguidanceofChina,furtherexacerbatingtheseparationofChinaspresentmonetaryfinancefromthecountry,obviousdistortionhasshowuponChinascapitalmarket,sheddinglightonthe"crowding–outeffect".rs,measuredbyactualoutput,theoutputstimulati(whichreferstotheexternalsourcesoffinanceobtainedbynon-financialbusinessesfromdomesticfinancialinstitutionsandmarkets,includingCNYloans,foreigncurrencyloans,entrustloans,discountbankacceptance,stockfinancing,bondfinancingandrelevantitems)andnewlyincreasedmonetarycredithavegrownrapidly,yetindicatorsreflectingeconomicgrowth(especiallydomesticdemand)~2008,,,(whichreferstothetimesofmoneycirculationwithinagivenperiod,generallyoneyear,weighedbythemeanvalueofGDP/currentM2),~2008,,duetotheoverlyeasymonetarypolicycarriedoutin2009,aswellasthedecreaseofthemonetaryoutputefficiency,thevelocityofmoneycirculationdroppedagainin2009and2012,,,thespeedofthemoneyincreasestillsurpassedthenominalspeedofGDPincrease,andtheratiocontinuestodecrease.,’andacceleratingrebound.(1),theaveragenon-performingloanratio%.%,%higherthanin2013,,Chinahastosimultaneouslydealwiththeslowdownineconomicgrowth,makedifficultstructuraladjustments,,,itisimpossibletomaintainthenon-performingloanratiobelow1%,,14listedbanks,comparedwithonlythreein2013,hadanon-performingloanratioofover1%bytheendof2014,amongwhichAgriculturalBankofChina,%,%%,,ChongqingRuralCommercialBank,andShengjingBank,other18listedbankshadanincreasingnon-performingloanratioin2014,,ChinaEverbrightBank,AgriculturalBankofChina,ChinaMinshengBank,ShanghaiPudongDevelopmentBankandBankofChongqing,%.(2),t%,amongwhichChinaMinshengBank,PingAnBank,IndustrialBankandChinaMerchantsBankexceeded1%.Comparedwith2013,%%inAgriculturalBankofChina,PingAnBankandChinaMerchantsBank.(3),,the%,%,asfarasthespecificbanksareconcerned,14A-sharebanksexperiencedasharpincreaseinthemigrationratiofornormalloansmigrationratio,,,%,%,asforspecificbanks,thoughPingAnBank,ChinaMinshengBankandBankofChinaexperiencedafallingmigrationratioforspecial-mentionloans,other13A-sharebankssawasignificantincreaseinthemigrationratiofornormalloans.(4),theratiooflistedbanks,%,wasstillwaybelowthatofothermajoreconomiesandtheaverageofthe20largestbanksintheworld(seeTablebelow).10-200米ZhangWenkui  sandthestateholdingcompaniesisnecessitatedbyvariousfactorsFirst,theoverlyextensivedistributionofthestate-ownedcapitalandtheholdingpositionofthestate-ownedcapitalinmostmajorenterprisesinvariousindustrieshaveresultedinaseriesofproblems,nthe"StrategicRestructuringofState-OwnedEnterprises(SOEs)",theverylimitedstate-ownedcapitalatthepresentisdifficulttosupportthecolossalstate-ownedeconomicsectorsandhasbeendistributedtoasmanyashundredsofthousandsofstate-ownedenterpriseslike"spreadingpepperpowder",,,000state-ownedenterprisesthathavecompletedcorporatetransformation,%amongtheseenterprises,%ofthetotal,%,%,%%.Theexcessivelyextensivelayoutofthestate-ownedeconomyandtheexcessivelylargeproportionofthestateequityhavemadeitd,562incorporatedcentralandprovinciallevelenterprises,t%,erimentontheestablishmentofmoderncorporatesystem,theirasset-liabilityratiowasstillashighas65%afterfouryearsofhardefforts,%es,thedeclineofasset-liabilityratioofthestate-ownedenterprisesbyeveryonepercentwillrequireaninputofRMB¥,weshouldcombinetheeffortsofincreasingassetsandreducingdebtswiththestrategicrestructuringofthestate-ownedeconomicsectorsandtransferthestate-ownedequitysharestothepublicandcorporateentitiessoastoutilizetherelativelyabundantsoci,Chinasreformisatacriticalstage,,liquidatingandregroupingthebadassetsofthebankingsystem,makingupthedeficiencyofthesocialsecurityfundandprovidingtheminimumlivingsec,thebalanceoftheChinesegovernmentdebtshasreachedaconsiderablyhighleveland,tdebtsoftheenterprisesormakeupthecapitalfundofthestate-ownedenterprisesthathavetobemaintainedThesefundswillnotonlyhelpimprovetheeconomicstructure,strengthenthekeyareasandrevitali,thefactthatthestateequitymonopolizesorconstitutestheoverwhelmingmajorityofthesharesofacompanyhasbecomeaseriousobstacletotheestabmandisestablishedondaymanagementrightoftheirenterprisesontheirbehalfandatthesametimeengagethedirectorstoexercisetheregularwh,theexcessiveconcentrationofthestateequityinamannerthatthepowersandfunctionsoftheownersareexercisedbytheadministrativeauthoritiesisevenmorelikelytoleadtoasituationinwhichtheshareholdersinterfereintheday-to-daydecision-makingorthecompanyis"controlledbyinsiders".Bothcasesaredetr,thephenomenonthatthestateequitymonopolizesorconstitutestheoverwhelmingmajorityofthesharesofthestate-ownedenterprisesthathavebeenincorporatedisverycommon,andmostoftheenterprisesconductingexperimentwithmoderncorpo%ofthe750companieslistedonthestockexchanges,thelargestshareholder(normallytheholderofstateshares)possessesequityfivetimesthatheldbythesecondlargestshareholder(normallytheholderofcorporateshares).Thisisanindicationthattheproblemofthelistedco,onepracticalandfeasiblemethodistoestablish,bysellingpartofthestateequityandintroducingnon-stateshareholdersthathavecloserinterestrelations,amechanismbywhichtheshareholders,…Ifyouneedthefulltext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.。

    LV国际PT船长的宝藏YuBin,ChenHuai,ZhangLiqunExpandingdomesticdemandisanimportantmeasuretoalleviatethecurrenteconomicdifficultiesaswellasastrategicchna,seconomicdevelopmentThestructuralover-capacityandtheinadequatedem,thetotalvolumeoftotalconsumergoodsretailsalesandthein,urbanandruralhouseholdsdepositbalancehasfurthergrown,andthegapbetweenthebanks,Chinasexportshavealsodeclinedwhileimportshavegrowndrastically,,thecountryscommodityretailsalepricesandthehouseholdsconsumptionpriceindexhgmoreandmoredifficultiesinoperation,,whichhaveseensomeinitialeffect,ofindustrialization,rmationandthechangesoftheexternaleconomicenvironment,therootcause,in,,theformer,,’livingconditionshavebecomefairlywell-off,buttheproductionstructurehasnotbeenupgradedintime,,dis-(MPC)ofthehigh-incomestratumisfairlylowwhilethepotentialdemandofthelow-incomestratumc,dis-coor–techgoodshasledtoovercapacityinordinar,thestockresourcescanbehardlytraded,,dis-coordinationbetweenforeititiveagainstforeignrivals,,,thelowebboftheeconomiccycle,theincreaseofunemploymentandtheimperfectionofthesocialsecuritysystem--allthesehaveintensifiedthehouseholdsexpectationofincomeslowing-downandexpenditureincrease,,theabove-mentionedproblemsareallrelateintofthesupplysidetothatofthedemandside,expandingdemand,especiallydomesticdemand,hasbecomeabasicproceedingpointforChinaply,whichisanimpo,opening-upisbehindthegreatachievementsofthecountryicandforeignmarketsandthetwokindsofresourcesarethei,eco,exceptafewsmallcountrieswithuniqueconditions,havemaintainedtheireckeystomaintainingasustainable,n,iletheincreaseo,prospectsforexpansionarebright,ationandthemid-andlong-termdevelopmenttrend,Chinasexpansionofinvestmentdemandcountsonthefollowingaspects:,secondaryandtertiaryindustries,,inves,thegrowthofinvestmentdem,themineshutdownsinthecoalindustryandtheoutputlimitationintheironandsteelindustryaregovernmentalcompulsoryshrinkagemeasuresinthelightoftheirhigh-cost,low-techandunmarketableproducts,thenitisthemarketforcethathasbeenpushingforwardtherapiddevelopmentofcomputers,networks,,dte,’sentryintoWTO,w,entstrategy,weshoulddevelopresource-savingand“clean”,,basiccomponentsandbasicmaterials,thatis,weshouldtrytoimproveourowncapacityonthebaseofabsorbinganddigestingfor,,cars,tourism,entertainmentandothernewtypesofconsumptionaswellasinsurance,educationandinformationservices,willbecomenewhotspotsforinvestment....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.Theproportionofresidents(studentsparentswithdifferenteducationlevels),%oftheresidentsrespondthatamonglivelihoodissues,children,%oftheresidentswithprimaryschooldegreeandbelowaredissatisfiedwitheducation;%oftherespondentswithjuniorhighschooldegree,%%withassociatedegree,,onlyafewresidentswithundergraduateandgraduatedegreesaredissatisfiedwitheducation(seethefigure).Withtheimplementationofthetuitionwaiverpolicyincompulsoryeducationforurbanandruralstudents,,thesurveyshows,duetoschoolselection,tutoringclassesandinterestclassesareverypopular,,theexpenditureinchildren/4offamiliesbelievethatthegreatestfinancialpressureliesintheexpensesfortheirchildren,%.In2012,14%ofthefamiliesspendmorethan10,,explicitchargeshaveobviouslydecreased,butunderthepressureofvariousselectionexaminations,therestillexistallsortsofimplicitchargeslikeschoolselectionand,theannualexpenditureincompulsoryeducationofalmost60%ofruralfamiliesislessthan1,%,%ofurbanfamiliesismorethan5000Yuan,%familiesspendover10000Yuan(Table2).Table2UrbanandRuralResidentsExpenditureinChildrensCompulsoryEducationByZhangChenghui,,2015SincetheThirdPlenarySessionofthe18thCentralCommitteeoftheCommunistPartyofChina,manyreformmeasureshavebeenimplementedinChina’sfinancialsectorsuchasthemarketizationofinterestrate,wideropening-up,andstreamliningadministrationanddelegatingmorepowertolower-levelgovernmentsviaShanghaiFreeTradeZone(China),theto-be-adoptedIPOregistrationsystem,issuingthereformplanforpolicy-basedbanks,moreeffortsi,,notmuchsignificanteffecthasshown,andtheimprovementoffinancialser’’smanagementoverfinancialsectorThisquestionisthecoreofallinstitutionalproblems,theessenceofwhichishowtoadjusttherelationshipbetweengovernmentandfinancialmarket,and,asoneplayerinthefinancialmarket,governmentcannotd,’,throughitscontroloverfinancialinstitutionsandfinancialmarket(equity-holdingornon-equity-holding),governmentexercisesitsimpactontheallocationandreallocationoffinancialresourcesso,throughitsimpactonfinancialtransactions(suchasimplicitguaranteesforfinancialgoodsandassistancetoavoidbusinessfailureforfinancialinstitutions),governmentmaintainsfinancialeveneconomicandsocialstability,reducesfiscalexpenditureonmitigatingrisks,espe,throughdeepinvolvementinfinancialactivities,administr,centralandlocalgovernmentsareusuallyunwillin“letthemarketplayadecisiveroleinresourceallocationandletthegovernmentplayitsduerole”.Government’sinterventioontrol,governmentcontinuestoholdthemajorityofthesharesinfinancialinstitutionsanddirectlyappointhigh-levelmanagement;Throughadministrativepower,governmentordersfinancialinstitutionsdevotetheirsupportmainlytogovernmentprojects.(’sinterventionevenintensifieswheneconomicgrowthslowsdown,andlocalgovernmentshavegrowingpressuretomaintaineconomicgrowth.)Administrativedepartmentsoffinancialsectordirectlyestablishandregulatefinancialmarket,evensettingup“onespecializedmarketforoneproduct”.,governmentofficialsaremorewillingtointervenedirectlyinfinancialinstitutionswithadministrativecontrolsbecauseofthesimplicity,directnessandquickeffectratherthanindirectlyguideandaffectresourceallocationthroughmarketmechanism,,somefinancialadministrativedepartmentsdon’,theyeventendtostrs,financialreformhasencounteredso“makingbreakthroughsfromoutside”.Forexample,effortsaremadetopromotetheestablishmentofprivatebanks,tobemoretoleranttowardsthedevelopmentofInternetfinance,andtovigorouslydevelopallsortsoffinancialinstitutionsincludingsmallloancompanies,financingguaranteecompanies,financialleasingcompanies,“makingbreakthroughsfromoutside”onboostingthedevelopmentofrealeconomy,,theemerginginstituti,evenif100privatebanksaresetup,eachwithacapitalof2billionyuan,theirtotalassetsarenomorethan2to3trillionyuan,whilethetotalassetsofthefinancialinstitutio,itiscompetitivenessandriskcontrolabilityofthemajorfinancinginstitutionsthatplayakeyroleindeterminingserviceefficiencyandriskdegreeofChina’,basedontheexperienceofTaiwan,rapidlyremovingthethresholdofmarketaccesstoprivatebanksleadstoalargenumberofbanks,excessivecompetition,,financialregulatoryauthoritiesinTaiwanwereund,financialregulatorypressureoflocalgovernment,,theinconsistencyofmarketrulesandregulatoryef,majorfinancialinstitutionshavetheproblemsofnon-standardizedcorporategovernance,lackofheadquarterscontrolandriskcontrolability,,thereisawidespreadphenomenonth,itisestimatedthatgovernmenthasdirectorindirectshareholdingofabout60%-70%,alongwithacomplexandmulti-layerprinciple-agentsystemofstate-ownedassets,resultinthedifficultyfortheprinciplestoexerciseeffectiveregulationandsupervisionoveragents,lossininformationtransmissionacrosslayers,,,directorsandsupervisorsareusuallyselectedwi-,theboardsevenb,,thechairmanisnotonlythehighestrepresentativeofstockholders’interestsinthecompany,rsofdecision-makingpowerortheadministrativeauthoritytoappointandremovemanagers,inordertoavoidbeingremovedfrompracticalcontrol,“chairmanfirst,presidentsecond”,which,toalargeextent,,excessivenon-marketfactorsexercisestrongimpactontheselectionofcompany’,governmentusuallyappointsthetopmanagementoftheheadquartersoffinancialinstitutions.(InsomefinancialinstitutionscontrolledbyprivatecapitalliketheRuralCreditUnion,itsmanagementattheprovinciallevelisalsoappointedbythegovernment.)Inmostcases,,theconceptof“topmanagement”paniesareappointedwiththeapprovalofrelevantdepartmentsortheiroffices,whichgreatlyconstraiive-orientedbasedonbusinessactivitiesandmarketevaluation,butisincreasinglyinfluencedbyandsubjecttogovernmentadministration.乐通在线网址重合同守信誉企业市级明星企业,ByChenDaofu,ResearchInstituteofFinanceofDRCResearchReport,(Total4571),peoplehavenoticedthefollowingincidentsthatRMBdepreciatedagainstUSdollar,variousdomesticcapitalpricesfellquickly,creditdefaultriskescalated,nomicandfinancialperformance,,,theconfusionofcapitalmarketshowsthatthemarketsfunctioninoptimizationofresourcesallocationunderthecurrentenvironmenthasbeengreatlyrestrained,ourcesmisallocationOntheonehand,moreandmoreinstitutions,linksandchainsrangingfromcapitalsourcestocapitalusersareinvolved,makingfundcirculationbecomeincrea,agrowingamountofcapitalinChinaispooled,converte,ahostofadministrativecontrolandsupervisionmeasuresarestillinplace,,financialinstitutionshaveescapedvariousfinancialcontrols(whichactuallyreflectsChinasdeepeningliberalizationininformalfinancialsystem)andinputtedcapitalintotheareasdiscourage,moreandmorefinancialinstitutionsandquasi-financialinstitutionsneedtobeincorporatedintothecapitalchain,,bondsandstockswitharelativelyshortchaininthetotalsocialfinancing,itwasabove80%before2009,butdroppedtoover70%in2010-2012andfurtherdroppedtoaround60%tedloansandtrustloans(Figure1).ChenXiwenResearchReportNo9,2000Duetothecorrectruralpolicyandincreaseinagriculturalinputandpromotionoftechnologicalprogressinagriculture,thegrainoutputhasrertyofChina(CPC)madethejudgementthat"thereisanoverallbalanceandasurplusinabundantyears",goodharvestsofgrainhavefstategraindepartmentsnationwideandthepercapitaamountofgrainkeptinthehandsoffarmershadhit1,lihoodofthefarmersthemselves,t,thetotalamou,thegrainsurplusofthewholecountry,excludingtheamountoftheautumngraincropsof1999,isabout1,000billionjin,nofgrainsupplyanddemandandtoconsiderwhatstrategiestobeado,particularlyin1993whenthecentralgovernmentenhancedmacro-regulationoftheeconomy,grainproductionhasindeedbeenstrengtheibutedtothefollowingthreemainaspects:First,4and1996,respectively,ersinincreasinggrainproduction,,,,,,%.Thirdly,,(intermsofactualtonnageofusedchemicalfertilizers,similarlyhereinafter).From1995to1998,,%,progressinagriculturalte,greatprogresshasbeenmadeintheintroductionofunifiedsupplyoffineseedstrains,theusageofmulchingfilms,intercroppingandinterplanting,protectedagriculture,water-conservingfarming,dry-landfarmingandagriculturalmachineryoperations,,%.%over1992,,honestlyspeaking,nomajornaturaldisasterswithanoveral,SonghuajiangRiverareaandNenjiangRiverin1998,droughtsstillremaintheprimarythreattoChina’,whichcausedaconsiderablereductionofautumngraincropsin1997and1999,,whiletheoutputo’,Chhecombatagainstfloodinginriversandlakes,,theannualgrainproductioncapacityhadapproached1,000billionjin().Nonetheless,suchaproductioncapabilityhasnotbeentestedunderconditionsofsevereandcontinualnaturaldisasterswithoveralladverseimpacts,,obviouschangeshavetakenpl:First,theconsumingbehaviorsofcitizens,particularlythoseofurbanresidents,my,changeshavealsoemergedintheconsumingbehaviorsofcitizens,%,%between1996and1998,%in1998,,%tedthegrowthrateofresidents’%between1996and1998,,visiblechangeshavealsotakenplaceinresidents’,,residents’savingswentupby2,(2,)’%,therewasanaturalslowdowninthegrowthofresidents’consumption,particularlythatofurbanresidents,,,meats,,,,theslideinresidents’spendingonfood,whichcamealongwithadropinpriceindex,,thegrowthofdemandhasobvio,andtheirdemandforfoodhassh%in1998,%,%,,,%and14%over1990,,thedemandofurbanresidentsforpoultry,eggsandaquaticproductscontinuedtogrow,whichindicatedthattheincreasingdemandofurbanresidentsforanimalproductsinthefuturewillshiftmoretopoultry,(mainlyfeedgrains)byurbanresidentswillslowdown....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.ByZhaoJinpingZhaoFujun,ResearchTeamon"AnalysisonForeignTradeandEconomicSituation",ResearchDepartmentofForeignEconomicRelationsofDRCResearchReportNo157,2013(Total4406)Aquestionnaire-basedsurveywasconductedonpresentexportgrowthrelatedto225foreig,exportsarecurrentlyexperiencingaslowgrowthonthewhole,smallenterprisesareencounteringamoresevereexportpredicamentthanlargeandmedium-sizedenterprises,theexportcostforhalfoftheenterprisescontinuestoincrease,exportpriceshavebeenincreasedatlarge,mostexportenterprisesarebeingembarrassedatalowexportprofitability,ordersfortheenterpriseshaveincreased,theexportsituationoverthewholeyearislikelytobeinlinewiththepreviousyearortoimproveslightly,andenterpriseshavegreatexpectationsoverthegovernmentsadoptionofproactivemeasurestoeffectivelyholdinchec,100weretelep,%intermsoftype;smalle%intermsofsize;%intermsofregion;thenumberofenterprisesinGuangdongrankedsecond,%;andintermsofexportmarket,%,%,andthenumberofenterprisesexportinggoodstoJapan,HongKong,%,%%,thenumberofenterprisesengagedinthebusinessoftextileandgarments,food,chemicalsandpharmaceuticals,%,%,8%,%%arSurveyresultspresentthefollowingfeaturesintermsoftheexeviousyearSurveyfindingsshowthatfromJanuarytoMaythisyearthenumberofenterprisesbreakingeve%andthenumberofenterpriseswithincreasedexportvolume(includingthosewithagrowthrateof5%~20%orabove)%.Onthewhole,thefirsthalfoftheyearsawasimilarorsl,thesurveyresultsindi%,%duringthesameperiodof2012;%,%,thenumberofenterprisesthatmaintainedbasicallythesameexportvolumeasin2012increased,,thesurveyresultsalsoindicatethatsincethisyearChinasexportgrowthhasremainedpregnantwithgrimprospectsonthewhole,showingsomedifferencefromtheexpectedgrowthtargetof8%.Table1ExportGrowthofEnterprisesSurveyedByZhaoJinpingZhaoFujun,ResearchTeamon"AnalysisonForeignTradeandEconomicSituation",ResearchDepartmentofForeignEconomicRelationsofDRCResearchReportNo157,2013(Total4406)Aquestionnaire-basedsurveywasconductedonpresentexportgrowthrelatedto225foreig,exportsarecurrentlyexperiencingaslowgrowthonthewhole,smallenterprisesareencounteringamoresevereexportpredicamentthanlargeandmedium-sizedenterprises,theexportcostforhalfoftheenterprisescontinuestoincrease,exportpriceshavebeenincreasedatlarge,mostexportenterprisesarebeingembarrassedatalowexportprofitability,ordersfortheenterpriseshaveincreased,theexportsituationoverthewholeyearislikelytobeinlinewiththepreviousyearortoimproveslightly,andenterpriseshavegreatexpectationsoverthegovernmentsadoptionofproactivemeasurestoeffectivelyholdinchec,100weretelep,%intermsoftype;smalle%intermsofsize;%intermsofregion;thenumberofenterprisesinGuangdongrankedsecond,%;andintermsofexportmarket,%,%,andthenumberofenterprisesexportinggoodstoJapan,HongKong,%,%%,thenumberofenterprisesengagedinthebusinessoftextileandgarments,food,chemicalsandpharmaceuticals,%,%,8%,%%arSurveyresultspresentthefollowingfeaturesintermsoftheexeviousyearSurveyfindingsshowthatfromJanuarytoMaythisyearthenumberofenterprisesbreakingeve%andthenumberofenterpriseswithincreasedexportvolume(includingthosewithagrowthrateof5%~20%orabove)%.Onthewhole,thefirsthalfoftheyearsawasimilarorsl,thesurveyresultsindi%,%duringthesameperiodof2012;%,%,thenumberofenterprisesthatmaintainedbasicallythesameexportvolumeasin2012increased,,thesurveyresultsalsoindicatethatsincethisyearChinasexportgrowthhasremainedpregnantwithgrimprospectsonthewhole,showingsomedifferencefromtheexpectedgrowthtargetof8%.Table1ExportGrowthofEnterprisesSurveyed20108月通过ISO9001:2000国际质量管理。

    我公司以,China’,investment,consumptionandtheeco,theAsianfinancialcrisis,theglobalsurpluscapacity,theblockofthefundraisingchannelofthenonstate-ownedenterprises,theexpectedfallofthehouseholds,,,itisnecessarytotellwhicharefundamental,whicharederivative,whichareprimaryandatworkforalongperiod,atedcontinuouscycleandfindoutfromtheconfusedandtang’seconomyhasuptonownotbrokenawayfromthefeaturesofthebinaryeconomywiththeincomeofruralhouseholdsamountingtoabout40percentofthatoftheurbanhouseholds,,mostoftheurbanhouseholdsbasicallyhaveenoughtoeatanddresswell,,theexpansionohegrowthofagroupofnewrelatedindustriesandtheupgradingoftlturalsectors,,whichwil,esentstageandthemostimportant“structuralproblem”.Viewedfromthisperspective,thebreakthroughpointofthepresentcycleofeconomiccontractionliesintheearlylaunchingandnurturingofnewgrowthareaswiththepromotio,,viewedfromashorttime(suchasacalendaryear),theoverallsocialdemandconsistsofinvestment,,lring,thatis,onditionifwemake,expandingconsumptioncallsforincreasingtheincomeofthelow-incomeurbanstratonofnewemploymentandinvestmentopportunities,particularlyhigh-incomejobsandinvestmentopportunities(forinstance,encouragingfarmerstoworkincities).Thiswillrelyontheupgradingoftheindustrialstructureandtheprocessofaccelerated,theleadingdrivingforcefortheupgradingoftheconsumptionstruct,$1,,thennowitisnecessarytoencouragethosewho,emphasizingtheupgradingofconsumptionstructuredoesnotdenoteencouragementofconsumptiononly,butalsoinvolvesinstitutionalandpolicyproblemsatdeeperlevels,likeincomedistribution,socialsecurity,financeandtaxation,,macropoliciesarenecessaryallthetime,buttheirroleisquitelimitedinupgradingtheconsumptionstructure(inparticular,themonetarypoliciesdesignedtobringabouteffectstothewholesituation).Whilemaintainingtolerantandeasymacropolicies,stressshouldbeputonpolicyadjustmentand,inemphasizingtheboostingofdomesticdemand,,stressshou,weshouldconcentrateonsolvingtherelatedinstituti,bywhichwewillfindtheleadingforceforexpandingdomesticdemand,readilysolveotherheadachesandenabletheentirenationaleconomytocastoffthecontractioncycle....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.、乐通在线网址用户至上澳门塞班岛sbdAB视讯ByLongGuoqiang,ResearchTeamon"ChinasComparativeAdvantageChangesandTheirImplications"ofDRCResearchReportNo88,2013(Total4337)roduceaproductwithloweropportunitycostthananotherproductandthuscanfocusonproductsandexportproductswithevenlowrativeadvantage,,acountry,whenweobservechangesintradestructuresofvariouscountries,,theJapaneseacademiccircleputforwardthetheoryofdynamiccomparativecostinthe1950s,dvantagesareresthesupply-demandrelationshipofproductionfactors,governmentalpolicies,andintrseconomicdevelopmentasadynamicprocess,wherealleconomicfactorsincludingproductionfactorendowmentwouldchangeandtherebyrenewacountrys,whenacountryparticipatesintheinternationaldivisionoflaborinlightofitsexistingcomparativeadvantages,itneedstosupportandpromotedomestickeyindustrieswithnationalresourcesandtostrengthenitsinternati“FourAsianTigers”havemadehugesuccessbecausetheirgovernmentspurposefullyguidedtheupgradingofindustrialstructureandexportloballargestexporterbyseizingthehistoricalopportunityofthecross-bordertransferoess,asitmainlyexportsfin,andinrecentyearssomeproductswithhighertechnologicalcontenthavegraduallygainedinternationalcompetitiveness,suchasmoyanddemand,butwithemergingstructuralcontr,somenewadvantagesareappearing,evidencedbyfastexpansion,domesticmarketwithquickupgradingofdemandstructure,abundantcapital,humanresourceswithsubstantiallyimprovededucationattainment,completeindustrialsupportcapacities,constantlybetteredcapacityfortechnologicalinnovation,perfectinfrastructureandincreasinglystrengthenedcapacityforoverseasinvestment,,ChinaneedstoshiftitsexportstrategybasedonstatscomparativeadvantagesChina,exportedprimaryproductsaccountedfor51%ofthetotalexportvolume,butithasbeenreducedtoonly5%now,withtheother95%,despitetheover60%shareformachineryandelectricproductsandtheover30%,analysesfromtheperspectiveofthevaluechainofglobaldivisionoflaborevidentlyshowthatmostofsuchproducts,inrecenttenyears,thetec,Chinascomparativeadvantagesoflabor-intensiveproductsshouldbeattributedtothegovernmentsexport-orientedstrategyInfaceofthestrategicopportunitybroughtaboutbythecross-bordertransferofexport-orientedlabor-intensiveindustriesinEastAsia,theChinesegovernmenthasformulatedstrategiestoparticipateininternat,Chinahasformedthestrongexportcompetitivenessoflabor-intensiveindustriesbycombiningitsadvantageoflow-costlaborwithadvancedtechnology,management,brandandinternatioscomparativeadvantagesofexportarestillconcentratedonthelabor-intensivelinkwithlowaddedvaluesofar,despitethegovernmentscomparativeadvantagesareundergoingsignificantchangesThispaperanalyzesthechangingprocessandtheprospectoffactorsinfluencingChina,whichanalyzesthechangingpresto,whichanalyzesthechangingtendencyoffactorsinfluencingChinascom,China,thecostofortandmaintaintheinternationalcompe,theshareofsometraditionallabor-intensiveproductshasbecomesmallerintheinternationalmarket.WangYuanLiZhaoxi InaccordancewiththedecisionoftheBraPlenarySessionofthe14thPartyCongressontheestablishmentofmodernenterprisesystems,mostofChinaslargeandmedium-sizedstate-ownedenterpriseshavebeentransformedintocompaniessince1994inkeepingwiththeprovisionsoftheCompanyLawofthePeople,themanagementande,theoperatingef,enterprises,,theStateCouncildispatchedspeci,extravagantspendingofpublicfunds,delinquencydebtsandfundtra,itisnouseegovernancestructureOnestrikingfeatureof,asamodernenterprisehasawidescopeofbusinessanditsinternalstructureiscomplex,itwouldbeimpossiblefortheenterpr,astheoperationsofanyenterprisearesubjecttotheconstraintofthepropertyrights,itwouldalsobeimpossiblefortheenterprisetooperatewelliftheownersoftheenterprisespropertyrightslosetheirfinalcontrolovertheenterpriseandallowthemanagerstopursuetheirownintereststh,thecoreofamodernenterprisesystemisthecorporategovernancestructure,whetheracompanycanoperatewelldependsfirstofallo,thefollowingproblemsthatseriouslyaffecttheestablishmentandoperationofthecorporategovernancestructureoccurredinmanyChinesestate-ownedenterpriseswhentheyweretransformedintocompanies:First,abatchofso-called"plaque-changecompanies"citiesinthecourseofbeingtransformedintocompanies,thatwasinfactaprocessof"plaguechange"fortfereinthedecision-makingoftheenterprisesintheareasofpersonnel,finance,materialssupply,tofmodernenterprisesystemswereactuallyturnedintothesolelystate-ownedcompan,frompersonnelappointmentandinvestmentplanningtotheinter-enterprisemergersandreorganizations,stillhavetobemadeaccordin,theinternaldecision-makingbodiesoftheenterprisesareoverlappedandthereareseveralleadingbodiestoissueseparateorders,whichmakesc,widescopeofbusiness,,itisnecessarytoestablishamanagementsystemthattakesthewage-earningseniormanagersasitscoreandtheChiefExecutiveOfficer(CEO)asitsleader,exercisingcentralizedandunifiedleadershipoverthecompany-wideproductionandoperating,itsdecision-makingbodiesincludethe"oldthreehuis"(thepartycommittee,thetradeunionandtheemployeescongress)andthe"threenewhuis"(thegeneralmeetingofshareholders,theboardofdirectorsandthesupervisoryboard),theyarecharacterizedas"threehearts"(whichmeanstakingthefactorydirectorasthecenterandthepartycommitteeasthecoreandrelyingwholeheartedlyontheworkingclass)and"twominds"(whichmeansthepowersandresponsibilitiesarenotclearlydefined).Ifthesepowerorgansareledbydifferentpeople,,everybodytriestograbdecision-makingpowers;whensomeproblemsemerge,accordingtoChinasCompanyLaw,hisday-to-dayoperatingdecision-makingfacesinterferencefrommanysourcesandit,ifallthesepositionsareassumedconcurrentlybyonesameperson,thebehaviorsofthegeneralmanagerwillbefreeofthecontroloftheownersandotherstakeholdersanditisverylikelyforasituationtoemerge,inwhich"insiderscontrol"and"everythingisdoneinhisownway".Third,intheenterprisesthatenjoyafairlyhighdegreeofautonomy,thephenomenonthat"thecontrolofinsidershasgoneoutofcontrol",althoughtheseniormanagersenjoyahighdegreeofautonomywithintheirscopeofauthority,theiroperatingactivitiesaresubjecttotheoverallsupervisionoftheshareholdersandotherstakeholdersthroughtheboardsofdirectors,andreceive,decadesofreformin"decentralizingpowersandofferinginterestconcessions"hasmadepeoplewidelybelievethatthehighestprincipleofreformistogivethe"enterprises"(actuallytheirmanagers),the"authorizedmanagementofthestate-ownedassets",thegentransfoinalcontrolrightoftheenterprisesintheircapacityas"representativesofthejuridicalpersons".Infact,theyaremanagingthesestate-ownedassetswithfullpowersandwithoutinternalorexternalsupervision,hencethephenomenonthat"theinsiderscontrolhasgoneoutofcontrol".ThedecisionoftheStateCounciltodispatchspecialinspectorstoauditthesolelystate-ownedenterprisesdersinthecorporategovernancestructurehavenotbeenclearlydefinedandasthereisnoregularsupervisionoverthecorporateoperations,eventheseverepunishmentsmetedouttothoseresponsibleaftertheexternalauditbythespecialinspectorsareoftenproventobetoolatetorecoverthelosses.WangYuanLiZhaoxi InaccordancewiththedecisionoftheBraPlenarySessionofthe14thPartyCongressontheestablishmentofmodernenterprisesystems,mostofChinaslargeandmedium-sizedstate-ownedenterpriseshavebeentransformedintocompaniessince1994inkeepingwiththeprovisionsoftheCompanyLawofthePeople,themanagementande,theoperatingef,enterprises,,theStateCouncildispatchedspeci,extravagantspendingofpublicfunds,delinquencydebtsandfundtra,itisnouseegovernancestructureOnestrikingfeatureof,asamodernenterprisehasawidescopeofbusinessanditsinternalstructureiscomplex,itwouldbeimpossiblefortheenterpr,astheoperationsofanyenterprisearesubjecttotheconstraintofthepropertyrights,itwouldalsobeimpossiblefortheenterprisetooperatewelliftheownersoftheenterprisespropertyrightslosetheirfinalcontrolovertheenterpriseandallowthemanagerstopursuetheirownintereststh,thecoreofamodernenterprisesystemisthecorporategovernancestructure,whetheracompanycanoperatewelldependsfirstofallo,thefollowingproblemsthatseriouslyaffecttheestablishmentandoperationofthecorporategovernancestructureoccurredinmanyChinesestate-ownedenterpriseswhentheyweretransformedintocompanies:First,abatchofso-called"plaque-changecompanies"citiesinthecourseofbeingtransformedintocompanies,thatwasinfactaprocessof"plaguechange"fortfereinthedecision-makingoftheenterprisesintheareasofpersonnel,finance,materialssupply,tofmodernenterprisesystemswereactuallyturnedintothesolelystate-ownedcompan,frompersonnelappointmentandinvestmentplanningtotheinter-enterprisemergersandreorganizations,stillhavetobemadeaccordin,theinternaldecision-makingbodiesoftheenterprisesareoverlappedandthereareseveralleadingbodiestoissueseparateorders,whichmakesc,widescopeofbusiness,,itisnecessarytoestablishamanagementsystemthattakesthewage-earningseniormanagersasitscoreandtheChiefExecutiveOfficer(CEO)asitsleader,exercisingcentralizedandunifiedleadershipoverthecompany-wideproductionandoperating,itsdecision-makingbodiesincludethe"oldthreehuis"(thepartycommittee,thetradeunionandtheemployeescongress)andthe"threenewhuis"(thegeneralmeetingofshareholders,theboardofdirectorsandthesupervisoryboard),theyarecharacterizedas"threehearts"(whichmeanstakingthefactorydirectorasthecenterandthepartycommitteeasthecoreandrelyingwholeheartedlyontheworkingclass)and"twominds"(whichmeansthepowersandresponsibilitiesarenotclearlydefined).Ifthesepowerorgansareledbydifferentpeople,,everybodytriestograbdecision-makingpowers;whensomeproblemsemerge,accordingtoChinasCompanyLaw,hisday-to-dayoperatingdecision-makingfacesinterferencefrommanysourcesandit,ifallthesepositionsareassumedconcurrentlybyonesameperson,thebehaviorsofthegeneralmanagerwillbefreeofthecontroloftheownersandotherstakeholdersanditisverylikelyforasituationtoemerge,inwhich"insiderscontrol"and"everythingisdoneinhisownway".Third,intheenterprisesthatenjoyafairlyhighdegreeofautonomy,thephenomenonthat"thecontrolofinsidershasgoneoutofcontrol",althoughtheseniormanagersenjoyahighdegreeofautonomywithintheirscopeofauthority,theiroperatingactivitiesaresubjecttotheoverallsupervisionoftheshareholdersandotherstakeholdersthroughtheboardsofdirectors,andreceive,decadesofreformin"decentralizingpowersandofferinginterestconcessions"hasmadepeoplewidelybelievethatthehighestprincipleofreformistogivethe"enterprises"(actuallytheirmanagers),the"authorizedmanagementofthestate-ownedassets",thegentransfoinalcontrolrightoftheenterprisesintheircapacityas"representativesofthejuridicalpersons".Infact,theyaremanagingthesestate-ownedassetswithfullpowersandwithoutinternalorexternalsupervision,hencethephenomenonthat"theinsiderscontrolhasgoneoutofcontrol".ThedecisionoftheStateCounciltodispatchspecialinspectorstoauditthesolelystate-ownedenterprisesdersinthecorporategovernancestructurehavenotbeenclearlydefinedandasthereisnoregularsupervisionoverthecorporateoperations,eventheseverepunishmentsmetedouttothoseresponsibleaftertheexternalauditbythespecialinspectorsareoftenproventobetoolatetorecoverthelosses.、DVOR,Chinahasmadesignificantprogresstowardsfinancialsectorderegulationvialiberalizingbanklendingrates,expandingtheQFIIquota,increasingtheflexibilityoftheexchangerate,,includingbanklendingratesandexchangerates,arenowclosermarketequilibriums,andmarketm,Chinatructuralimbalancesduetooverregulations,Chinaneedsto:1)removecontrolsondepositrates;2)furtherincreasetheRMBsexchangerateflexibility;3)furtheropenupitscapitalaccount;and4)liberalizemarketaccesstothefinancialindustrybyremovingexcessiveandhavebeenwrittenintothethirdplenums"Decision",themostchallengingquestionishowtodesignthespecificreformprogramstbeonhighalertincludethefollowing,manyofwhichreflectlegacyissuesoftheoldsystem:,Chinaslocalgovernmentdebthasrisenquicklyinrecentyearstoabout32%,however,isthematuritymismatchbetweenlocalgovernmentliabilities(mostlyintheformofloansandtrustloans),thematurityofatypicalbankloanortrustloanis2-3years,whiletheprojectcashflowswillonlhtening,changeinprudentialregulationsonbanksandtrustcompanies,aswellasdeteriorationininvestorsentimentforwealthmanagementproducts(WMPs).InWesterncountries,theaveragematurityoflocalgovernmentdebtis7-10years,whichismuchclo,therewerenofailuresofbanksandtrustcompanies,andtherewereveryfewdefaultsofhighlyrisky(withriskssimilartojunkbondsinwesterncountries),trustcompaniesandWMPsareexceptionallystrong,butbecausemostofthesepoliticalsystemthatpenalieesofallbanks,trustcompaniesandWMPsleadtoincorrectpricingofcreditproductsissuedbysomeveryriskyborrowers,,,htsteptowardscorrectingthemispricing,,Chinasinterbankratesbecameveryvol,ahighvolatilityofinterestratestendstoconfusefinancialmarketparticipantsandcompaniesastowhatthemonetarypolicyintentionis,,asuddenspikeininterbankratescouldexacerbatethedurationriskf:theyhavedotowiththelackofcapacityinforecastingliquidity,lackofinter-governmentalcollaboration,theloan-to-depositratio,imprudentliquiditymanagementbybanks,shadowbankingactivities,aswellast,cross-bordercapitalflowsremainmanageableasformalcontrolsonQFIIandQDIIquotasremain,,assoonasthecapitalaccountisopen(,theQFIIandQDIIsystemsareabolished),large-scalecapitalinflowsand/oroutflowscouldleadtoexcessivevolatilityoftheexchangerate,destabilizethefinancialsystems,anddamagetherealeco"managedfloatingexchangerateregime",thevolatilityoftheRMB//7thatofMalaysianRinggit,1/13thatofKoreanwon,and1/,massiveinflowscouldresultifChinasbondmarketisopenedtoglobalinvestorsgiventhe2-3%interestratedifferentialbetweenChina)needtomovetowardsamoreliberalizationfinancialsystemsothattoimproveefficiency,and2)theneedtocontainanddefusetheabovementionedfinancialrisks,Chinats,alongwiththeplanedreformssuchasdepositratederegulationandcapitalaccountliberalization:,webelievethatakeyriskfacingthefinancialsystemistheexcessiverelianceoflocalgket,whichwillgraduallyreplaceloansandtrustloans,localgovernmentbondswithlongermaturitiesshouldaccountformorethan50%ofthefinancingsourcesforlocalgovernmentcapex(itisonly10%inChina).Tostartthereformprogram,Chinashouldmodifyitsbudgetlawtoallowindependentissuanceoflocalgovernmentbonds,establishacrediblecreditratingsystemforlocalgovernmentbonds,requirelocalgovernmentstopublishtheirbalancesheetsandmedium-termfinancialprojections,andestablishalegalframeworktoregulatetheapprovalprocedurebylocalpeople"manageddefaults".InaneconomyasbigasChina,afewfailuresofsmallbanksandafewdozendefaultsbyjunkbonds(orWMPs)peryearshouldbenormaland,indeed,,webelievethatregulatorsshouldpermitafewmoredefaultsofnon-standardWMPsintheremainderofthisyear,withsomemodestincreasesinthehaircut(fromthe7%haircutfortheCCTproduct)to,,10-20%.Theseeventsof"manageddefaults"maypotentiallypushupthefundingcostsby100-200bpsforhighlyriskyborrowers,buttheyarenecessaryforcontainingtheexcessiveborrowingviathetrustsector–bypricingoutsomeworstborrowers--andreducingsystemicrisks.ByHanJunofDRCResearchReport,(Total4525)Thepromotionofagriculturalmodernizationalongwiththefurtherdevelopmentofindustrialization,ITapplicationandurbanizationisanunderlyingtaskrelatedwiththeestablishmentofamoderatelyprosperiththerequirementsofourtimes,wemuststrivetobreaknewpathsleadingtoanew-typeagriculturalmodernizationwithChinesecharacteristics,includingadvancedproductiontechniques,moderatemanagementscales,siveplanforthecomprehensivedevelopmentofreforminruralareasandtheaccelerationofagriculturalmodernization,andexplicitlypointedoutthedirectionandprinciplesfortheprogressofnre,eImportofFoodandImprovingFoodSecuritySystemofChinaItisaneternalsocialrulethatonlywhenclothingandf,,acountrywithalargepopulation,itisama,thecomprehensiveproductivityoffoodinChilionpeoplewithnearly9%%ceUnitindicatesthatChinarankedspositionasthe52ndintheworldrankingsandintermsofpercapitaGDP,Chinaisoneofthefewcountrieswhichsu,,theconsump%in2012,andisexpectedtoreach70%by2030,whereastheexpectedpeakvalueofurbanizationinChinawouldrangebetween70%~75%.Inthe20yearsfrom2011to2030,,theaveragefooddem,,afterfollowingthefoodconsumptionpatterninthecity,willincreasehisdailyfoodconsumptionby20%.Thehundredsofmil,thetotalacreageofarablelandkeepsdecreasing,theshortageofwaterresourcegetsaggravated,influenceoftheclimatechangebecomesintensifiedandthesustainableincreaseoffoodproductioninChinawouldbecomeincreasinglydifficult,therefore,,asadevelopingcountrywithalargepopulationandinsufficientland,willfindithardtosatisfythefoodconsumptionoftheresidentsandtheincreasingfooddemandarisingfromtheeconomicandsocialdevelopmnofover800millionmu(15mumakeonehectare)ofsownarea,ap,itinternationalanddomesticresourcesandmarketsandgivefullplaytoitsadvantagesasamajoreconomy,andefficientlymakeuseoftheglobalresourcesandinternationalmarrategyonmajoragriculturalproducts,optimizethemixofthesourceofgrainimport,andestablishstableandreliabletraderelations;speeduptheimplementationofthe“goglobal”agriculturalstrategyandfosterlargeenterpriseengagedintheproductionofgrain,cottonandoilandwithinternationalcompetitiveedge;rendersupporttoqualifiedenterprisestoconductoverseasagriculturalproductionandcooperationonimportandexportwithmutualbenefitandespeciallywithneighboringcountriessoastopreventandmitigatethertions,supplyanddemandpatternoffoodandtheinternationaltradeenvironment,weshouldkeepafirmhandontheinitiativesoffoodsecurityandimplementanationalfoodsecuritystrategybasedondomesticsupplyandmoderateimportswhichwill,,Chinasfo,therewillbeconsiderablerisksandpotentialdangerswhichwillnotonlybeunbearabletotheinternationalmarket,,itisdeterminedbythedemandofthedevelopmentofChina,riceandcornofChinaisaround60%,71%and67%,respectively,,thenumberofagriculturall,domesticfoodproductionisboundtobeaffected,,theinfluenceofChinaonglobalfoodmarketkeepsincreasingandtherequirementfromseffortinsecuringself-sufcompliancewiththesituationofChina,wemustensurethattheredlineforprotectingfarmland(arableland)isnotcrossed,delimitthescopeofpermanentbasicfarmlandandimplementthepracticeofholdingprovincialgovernorsresponsibleforthe“ricebag”(grainsupply).Weshouldfurtherclarifytheresponsibilityanddivisionofworkinfoodsecuritybetweenthecentralandlocalgovernments,keepimprovingthecomprehensiveproductivityofagriculture,enhanceChinasabilityincoordinatingandutilizingtheinternationalagriculturalresourcesandmarketandensuregeneralself-sufficiencyofgrainandsecurityoffoodtoprovideastrongsupportfortheeshold-basedManagementandDiversifiedManagementModesandFacilitatingtheEstablishmentofaNew-typeAgriculturalManagementSystemHouseholdmanagementisthemostcommonforminagriculturalmanagementacctanditrequirestimelyresponsetotheminorchangesinnaturalenvironment,whichhnformablew,householdmanagementisthemostadoptiveinagriculture,whichcannotonlybeadoptedbytraditionalagriculturewhichisbasedonmanuallabor,butalsobymodernagricult,householneseagriculture.,’sEconomicRestructuringDuringthepastyear,Chinesepolicy-makersdescribedthenewstageofChina’seconomyas“newnormal”,,GeneralSecretaryoftheCPCCentralCommittee,pointedoutthesignificanceoffocusingonthe“newnormal”ofChina’,heelaborated,systematicallyandfromvariousperspectives,the“newnormal”du“newnormal”%,thelowestduringrecentyears,,suchasgraduateunemployment,,residents’incomeincreasesgenerallyatthesamepa,peoplearemorekeenlyawareofthechallengesposedbytheenvironmentpr,,,oncepopulartopicsforyears,,consumptionoutnumbersinvestment;thetertiaryindustrysurpassesthesecondaryindustry;andtheeconomicdev’seconomyentersintothe“newnormal”fromthe“oldnormal”,itisinevitableandcommonthatmoreproblems,,itisusuallyatthisstagethatmanyeconomiessufferfromseriousproblems,,nomatterforChinaortheinternationalsociety,tomaintaintheeconomystablea,ifChinahascompleted,inthepastseveralyears,thefirsthalfofthetransitionfromonegrowthphasetoanotheroreconomicrestructuring,itisnowmovingintothesecondhalfandwiloproactivelyadapttoandleadthenewnormalofecono’seconomicrestructuringsuccessfullyandenteringanewstageofdevelopmentl’sEcon,theincreasinginputoffactorswasthep(Perkinsetal.,2008)suggest%,contributingtotheeconomicgrowthupto40%.AccordingtothelatestestimatebytheresearchteamundertheDevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCouncil,%during1978-2013,contributing37%toChina’,theproductivityinChinahasbeenrapidlyraisedforsuchreasonsasdeepeningreformandopening-up,unleashinglate-developingadvantagesintechnology,achievingfasttechnologicalcatch-up,andfactorsflowfromagriculturalsectorswithlowproductivitytonon-agriculturalsectorswithhighproductivity,edStates(Bosworthetal.,2008)foundthatfrom1978to2004China’sworkforceallocationcontributedtoanaverageannualproductivitygrowthofover1%,some30%,one-fifthoftheincreasedlaborproductivityresultedfromstructuralchanges,mainlythetransferofagriculturallaborforcetonon-agriculturalindustries,%’sproductivityhasexperiencedfastimprovementduringthepastthreedecadesorso,b,ourresearchindicatesChina’sannualgrowthrateofproductivity,sincethefinancialcrisisin2008,droppedbymorethan1%comparedwiththeaveragegrowthrateduringthelastthirtyyears,,asChina’seconomyentersintothe“newnormal”,itisinevitablethatthegrowthrateofproductivitysloweddowninrecentyears,whichislargelythesamewiththegr,thegrowthrateofproductivitywillregularlyslowdownastheeconomydevelopsinto,late-developingcountriesrunoutoftechnologicaladvantages;itismoredifficultforfactorstotransferfromsectorswithlowproductivitytothosewithhighproductivity;,itiscommonthatthegrowthrateofproductivityinChinahasdeceleratedinrecentyears,whichindicatest,weuse“”,whichiscurrentlythemo,conclusionsaredrawnasfollows.(1)FortechnologicallyadvancedeconomiessuchastheUnitedStates,thegrowthrateofproductivityhasalwaysbeenstableataround1%.(2)DuringthestagewherepercapitaGDPreached11,000internationaldollars,late-developingcountrieslikeJapanandSouthKoreatransf,%,butafterw,thegrowthrateofproductivitywasnearly3%duringthehigh-speedgrowthperiodbetween1980and1990,andthenfelltonomorethan1%.(3)Chinahasthesametrendwithsuccessfullate-developingeconomies,suchasJapanandSouthKorea,%%,apartfromtheregularfactorsoftenseeninthecatch-upprocess,theproductivitygrowthratedecreasedinrecentyear,duringtheeconomicdownturn,,stronginvestmentstimulus,implementedtocopewiththefinancialcrisis,hastosomeextentexacerbatedovercapacityinsomedomains.。

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